What can I find in the portal „Teßmann digital“?
- 46 newspapers from the Alpine region from the 18th to the 21st century
- more than 4,000 books and periodicals on different subjects, which were published mainly before 1945 in the historical region of Tyrol
- more than 2,000 pieces of artwork from the Teßmann collection
(Effective October 2014)
Every year up to 1,000 newly digitised works are loaded into the portal. You can view them in low resolution (Standard view) or in a slightly higher resolution (PDF view). In the Dr. Friedrich Teßmann Library on-site, you also have high-resolution files (TIFF view) of the digitised newspapers and books at your disposal for non-commercial use.
Annotation on the access to newspapers
In accordance with the applicable copyright laws not all contents available in our portal can be published online. This currently concerns the following newspapers:
- Dolomiten (the last 70 years)
- Die neue Südtiroler Tageszeitung (as from 1996)
- Volksbote (the last 70 years)
These contents are accessible exclusively locally on the Teßmann Library’s intranet.
What does “OCR-indexed” mean?
OCR-indexed means that the complete text of the works has been recognised with a so called OCR software (OCR – Optical Character Recognition), allowing a full-text search based on keywords.
Most of the works in the sections “Books” and “Newspapers” have already been OCR-indexed.
Annotation on the quality of automated text recognition
During the process of automated text recognition, some factors can complicate the correct recognition of the source text, like the font (e.g. German type) or the state of the scanned material (thin, transparent, dirty, yellowed or damaged paper, dust particles or little hairs on the microfilm images, very tightly bound books etc.). Thus, the results of the automatic character recognition do not offer absolute compliance with the texts of the original documents. This can also affect the search accuracy of a full-text search in our portal.
The Teßmann Library is currently involved in the following projects which aim at improving the results of automatic character recognition and at creating further ways of search access:
- Europeana Newspapers – A Gateway To Historical Newspapers Online
- Open Platform for Access to and Analysis of Textual Documents of Cultural Heritage (OPATCH)
How to search the portal?
The following search options are available:
- Full-text search (in most newspapers and books)
By using the Search bar on the front page
or the Search bar in the header of the “Newspapers” or “Books” sections, you can search within the OCR-indexed documents.
- Search by Categories (in books and artwork)
On the menu access pages „Books“ or „Artwork“, you can search for works following the predefined Categories.
- Advanced search (in books and artwork)
Using the Advanced Search you can search by the so called metadata of a work, like author, artist, title, year of publication etc.
Moreover, you can fullfill a Quick search by title/keyword and names of persons in the search bar in the header of “Artwork”.
- List of titles and Annual archive (newspapers only)
In the section “Newspapers” you can search for a specific newspaper in the list All newspapers….
…or you can click on the button View all issues of all newspapers and choose a specific date in the Annual archive to see all issues of that day available in the portal.
- Using Search filters to limit the hits
You can further limit the hits you got in the Full-text search or the Advanced search by choosing different Search filters like type of media, title, year of publication, author, language etc. Moreover, you can view your hits by relevance, year of publication, title A-Z or Z-A.
Whom can I ask for help?
Please send your questions, ideas, suggestions or similar to firstname.lastname@example.org
How did the portal develop?
The predecessor: DNA – the “Digital Newspaper Archive”
In 2006, the Dr. Friedrich Teßmann Library began to digitise its historical newspaper collections from the Alpine region, and made them accessible in the Library’s intranet in 2007. The main motivation was on the one hand to preserve the cultural heritage and protect the originals, and on the other hand to offer the users easier access through one single portal.
der to provide newspaper collections that are as complete as possible, also materials of our partner institutions and of private collectors have been digitised.
The amount of digitised newspapers kept rising, and thus, the Library decided to present them in a separate internet portal. The so called “Digital Newspaper Archive” was developed and put online in 2008, giving access to more than 20 newspapers. In the beginning the focus lay on works from the 19th century, but by now also more recent newspapers like “Dolomiten” or “Neue Südtiroler Tageszeitung” are provided. For copyright reasons however, the issues of the last 70 years of these newspapers are solely accessible in the Library’s intranet.
At present, there are more than 40 newspapers available in the portal which corresponds to more than 1.5 million digitised newspaper pages.
The enhancement of the Digital Newspaper Archive: the “Digital Library”
In 2012, about 1,200 digitised books, that is mostly Tyrolean literature from the 19th and the early 20th century, and 1,600 pieces of artwork from the Teßmann collection were made available in the portal and the navigation was adapted accordingly. On 1st August 2012 the “Digital Library” was put online. Since then, further 3,000 works have been loaded into the portal.
2014: “Teßmann digital” with a new layout and the integration of full-text search
Since the offered scans of newspapers and books on the portal were simple image files, they could not be searched through for keywords but had to be paged through one by one, just like their originals in paper. After 2012, the Teßmann Library sought to realise the automated text recognition of the newspaper and book collections and worked with Alpin GmbH to further develop the portal and the implementation of full-text search. The result of this endeavour is the current portal “Teßmann digital”.
Currently, the Teßmann Library is working on the following projects in the field of digitisation and refinement of digitised material:
- Digitisation and text recognition of the “Village books” of South Tyrolean municipalities
- Digitisation and text recognition of newspaper articles and articles from periodicals of the Documentation Centre for newer South Tyrolean Literature of the South Tyrolean Association of Artists (Dokumentationsstelle für neuere Südtiroler Literatur des Südtiroler Künstlerbundes)
- OPATCH – Open Platform for Access to and Analysis of Textual Documents of Cultural Heritage together with the Institute for Specialised Communication and Multilingualism of Eurac research centre in Bozen and the Institute for Corpus Linguistics and Text Technology of the Austrian Academy of Sciences
- Europeana Newspapers – A gateway to European newspapers online